Type of Energy Efficient Vehicles
Higher the efficiency of a vehicle lesser the fuel require to drive from one
location to the destinations. Lesser the fuel consumption means lesser
emissions will be from the tailpipe.
Conventionally, road transport vehicles are majority running on
petrol for passenger cars. Whereas commercial trucks are running on diesel, for
its characteristic of high torque output and higher burning efficiency of diesel.
Gases like Carbon dioxide (CO2) and Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) from burning
petrol(gasoline) and diesel contribute significantly to global climate
Choosing the right Energy Efficient Vehicle not only saves you money but also helps to control the climate change by reducing your
Advanced features Commonly found in hybrid vehicles include:
- Automatic stop and start
This is to prevent wastage of energy during idling running
during times such as Traffic light waiting. The engine automatic stop when the vehicle slows down below a specific speed with brake pedal pressed. The engine starts when the brake is
- Electric Motor Assist
The electric motor provides additional power to assist the engine, during the
conditions when extra power is required. Such as accelerating or climbing inclining hill. Thus, higher efficient smaller Inner Combusion Engine can be
- Regenerative Braking system
When the brake is pressed, the electric motor acts as engine-brake to the
drivetrain causing the wheels to slow down, as well as generator converting the energy from the wheels to
charge and store in a series of battery bank. Which is then used to drive the electric motor when extra power
Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles
Plug-in Hybrid is actuallly a Hybrid vehicle with the follwing
1. High-capacity batteries that can be charged
by plugging them into a household electrical outlet or charging station esle where.
2. It can be driven by using electric motor only.
EV - Electric Vehicle
Pure electric vehicle runs only on electricity stored in the batteries. As no
Internal Combustion Engine is involved, it has no tailpipe emissions. Thus it is also known as Zero Emissions
But, the challenging re-charging time and driving range prevent it from being
widely accepted as Green Vehicle at the moment.
Modern Diesel engines are more powerful and fuel-efficient than similar-sized
petrol(gasoline) engines. Which attributable to the technology advancements in fuel injection and electronic engine
Diesel engines are now even more powerful,
better acceleration and higher efficiency than the conventional diesel engines.
However, today's diesel must meet the same stringent
emission standards as gasoline(petrol) vehicles in most of the
developed countries. This is possible partly due to the availability of ultra-low sulfur(max 15 ppm) diesel
fuel - ULSD.